As a caregiver, one of the most
stressful things you may experience is the hospitalization of your loved
one, especially if the hospitalization is in an intensive care unit. As
an intensive care unit nurse for many years, I have had the opportunity
to work with many families in this situation. Your stresses will be
different than the person who is admitted after a sudden event like a
heart attack or car accident. The purpose of this article is to help you
cope with the unique feelings you experience when confronted with the
hospitalization of your loved one.
Be prepared. Keep a list of your
loved one’s medications and allergies handy at all times. Include the
name of the medication, the dosage, the number of doses taken daily and
the times at which they are taken. Most of you probably do this anyway.
Make multiple copies on a copy machine or your computer. That way you
can give a copy to the caregivers at the hospital. That saves them from
writing everything down again, and you don’t risk losing your only copy.
Although the ideal situation is for the hospital caregivers to be able
to share this information with each other, the reality is that in many
hospitals you will be asked the same questions over and over. If you
have a computer, you can make this list easily and update it frequently.
Set up a climate of trust with the
nurses and doctors. You are the expert on the intricacies of care of
your loved one, but the doctors and nurses have experience caring for a
wide range of people. You should expect respect for your knowledge of
the details of your loved one’s medical history, but you need to expect
that things will be done differently than you do them at home. You are
caring for one person and know all about what works best for him or her.
Even in an intensive care unit, nurses usually have two patients to care
for and must set priorities to meet the complex needs of both of them.
If you want to perform some of your loved one’s care yourself, negotiate
this with the nurses. They can advise you if it will be possible for you
to do so, given the different equipment and differences in your loved
one’s condition than when you are at home. If they decline your
assistance, don’t be offended. Sometimes nurses need to observe
critically ill patients for their reaction to the seemingly smallest
Try to be patient. The first few
hours of being admitted to the hospital, or transferred to a new unit in
the hospital are stressful for everyone. The nurses and doctors need
time to assess your loved one, and to get to know him or her.
Frequently, a number of activities must be performed in rapid
succession. They can certainly benefit from information you can provide,
but try to do it when they are ready. Anticipate this need to get to
know your loved one. They will not be able to give you information about
your loved one’s condition until they have completed their assessments
Try to use this time as a respite
from your caregiving duties. Most caregivers don’t have the resources or
opportunity to take good care of themselves. Don’t feel guilty about
leaving the hospital. Your loved one is in good hands. Unless your loved
one’s condition is extremely critical, you should not have to stay at
the hospital twenty-four hours a day, or sleep there. Let the hospital
caregivers take over for awhile. Do something for yourself. Some
intensive care units provide a pager to families so they can feel free
to leave the hospital but still know they can be reached if a problem
arises. Ask about it. Give the nurses your cell phone number if you have
one. Your loved one is going to need you a lot more when he or she is
discharged from the hospital, and you will both be better off if you are
Finally, let the hospital know how
well it has met your needs. Complete any satisfaction survey offered.
Write a short letter or email. Most hospitals appreciate your opinions.
Your input can help hospitals make changes to serve your community
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