Keep your loved one comfortable and follow the
recommendations of his or her health care provider.
Keep others in the home healthy by washing hands
and household surfaces frequently.
Ensure that all medications are taken as
Keep your loved one in a separate space from
other members of the household.
Everyone in the home, including the sick person,
should clean their hands with soap and water or an
alcohol-based hand rub frequently.
Get immediate medical care if your loved
Difficulty breathing or shortness
Purple or blue discoloration of
Pain or pressure in the chest or
Severe or persistent vomiting
Flu-like symptoms that improve,
but then return with fever and worse cough
How to keep yourself and others from
getting the flu?
Keep the sick person away from other people as
much as possible, especially those who are at high
risk of complications from the flu. You can do this
in your home by creating a sick room. Keep your
loved one in a room away from common areas of the
house. If you have more than one bathroom, have the
sick person use one and well people use the other.
Clean the sick room and bathroom daily with
household disinfectant. The sick person should not
have visitors other than caregivers. An email, text
message, or phone call is safer than a visit.
Take these additional steps to protect
yourself and people in your home from getting the
You and all healthy people in the house should
clean their hands with soap and water or an
alcohol-based hand rub frequently, including after
every contact with the sick person, the sick
person’s room or bathroom, or items used or touched
by the sick person.
Remind the sick person to cover coughs and clean
his or her hands with soap and water or an
alcohol-based hand rub often, especially after
coughing or sneezing.
Avoid being face-to-face with the sick person
and, if possible, have only one adult in the home
take care of the sick person. People at increased
risk of severe illness from flu should not care for
the sick person.
Hold small children who are sick with their chin
on your shoulder so that they will not cough in your
Ask your healthcare provider if well people in
your home—particularly those contacts who are at
increased risk of severe illness—should take
antiviral medications to prevent getting the flu.
Maintain good ventilation in shared household
areas (keep windows open in restrooms, kitchen,
Follow proper cleaning and disposal
Throw the sick person’s tissues and other used
disposable items in the trash.
Keep surfaces clean (especially bedside tables,
surfaces in the bathroom, doorknobs, phones, and
children’s toys) by wiping them down with an
approved household disinfectant.
Clean linens, eating utensils, and dishes used by
the sick person thoroughly before reusing. You do
not need to wash items separately.
Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) with
laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting.
Avoid “hugging” laundry to your body before
washing it to prevent contaminating yourself.
Provided by Flu.gov
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