ARTICLES / General /
Caring for Stroke /
By Janie Rosman, Staff Writer
Caregivers must be patient with their loved
ones and with themselves and know the signs of a
stroke. The two major types of stroke are
ischemic and hemorrhagic. To lessen the
possibility of death and disability; the
F.A.S.T. acronym is important:
F = Face: Is one side of the face drooping down?
A = Arm: Can the person raise both arms, or is one
S = Speech: Is speech slurred or confusing?
T = Time: Time is critical!! Call 9-1-1 immediately!
Types of Stroke
In an ischemic stroke, which accounts for 80
percent of all strokes, a blood vessel becomes
blocked by a blood clot; a portion of the brain
becomes deprived of oxygen and will stop
functioning. When a blood vessel carrying oxygen and
nutrients to the brain bursts and spills blood into
the brain, a portion of the brain is deprived of
oxygen and stops functioning, resulting in a
hemorrhagic stroke; this accounts for about 20
percent of strokes.Mini-strokes are Transient
Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) and have the same symptoms
as a major stroke. A blood clot blocks the flow of
blood in the brain and breaks on its own; symptoms
can disappear after a short period of time, however
this can be a warning sign of a future stroke.
Stroke rehabilitation doesn’t reverse the
stroke’s effects; it helps the individual return to
independent living, aiming to build strength,
capability and confidence.
Self-care skills such as feeding, grooming, bathing
Mobility skills such as transferring, walking or
self-propelling a wheelchair
Communication skills in speech and language
Cognitive skills such as memory or problem solving
- Social skills for interacting with other people