ARTICLES / Diabetes / Insulin
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Not every diabetic has to take insulin as part of his or her
treatment plan. Those people who have been diagnosed with Type I
Diabetes must take insulin each day because their body is not
manufacturing the needed insulin necessary to live.
How does the doctor select the type of insulin you will need? Well,
the selection process takes several things into account. They
include information about your body such as weight, and build. The
degree of physical activity you normally have and your usual daily
food intake is also considered. In addition to your current state of
health, both emotional and physical the doctor will need to look at
other factors like what medications you may be taking. All of these
factors will play a large part in determining the correct type of
insulin for you.
Often people who require insulin must take two shots a day, and
careful monitoring of blood sugar levels is important to ensuring
the correct amount of insulin is administered. It is not unusual for
people to require more than one type of insulin to control their
There are various types of insulin available and just as many
delivery options for the diabetic today. The doctor based on the
different actions of each type and its duration carefully evaluates
types and delivery methods. Because not everyone responds in the
same way, it may be necessary to try several types of insulin before
the right one you for is determined.
Types of Insulin
The different types of insulin are classified by how long they take
to act. There is fast acting, slow acting prolonged duration or very
slow acting and rapid acting or very fast acting.
Here is a list of the types of insulin commonly used:
Ultra Short-Acting Insulin: HUMALOG
Short-Acting Insulin: Regular (R) and Semilente (r) (S).
These preparations start and stop working more quickly
than other types of insulin.
Intermediate-Acting Insulin: NPH (N) and Lente(r) (L).
These insulins take longer to start working and work
longer than short-acting insulins.
Long-Acting Insulin: Ultralente(r) (U). This insulin
starts acting slowly and last the longest.
Combination Insulins: 70/30 insulin contains 70 percent
NPH and 30 percent Regular insulin, so the Regular
begins working quickly, and the NPH takes over when the
Regular is stopping. 50/50 insulin has equal parts of
the two preparations.